Last week, the Kaieteur News essayed an editorial, “Local Government Elections and racial voting”, wherein it sought to discuss the “racial voting” that characterised Guyanese politics. The Editorial claimed, “The animosity between Indo- and Afro-Guyanese is historical; it can be traced back to the freed blacks becoming suspicious of the arrival of indentured East Indian servants from India, whom they feared would have compromised their bargaining rights with the planter class in British Guiana.”Now, there is no question that the planters introduced indentured labour because they wanted cheap labour. But in Guyana (and Trinidad), it was primarily because the planters feared the freed Africans would move off the plantations due of the availability of land to provide a means of self-employment. In islands such as Antigua and Bermuda, where there was no alternative, the planters didn’t even introduce the “apprenticeship” transition period, but gave the slaves immediate ‘freedom”.Since the later nineteenth century, many African leaders in Guyana opposed Indian immigration for several good reasons, not the least being that taxes into the Government coffers (of which a considerable sum came from African pockets) were used to partially fund the cost of bringing the Indians to Guyana. However, the charge that Indians undercut African wages on the sugar plantations directly after the abolition of slavery is not borne out by the facts. The charge was built on a myth that remained unchallenged for so long that it has become “history”.In 1990, I noted in my paper, “Aetiology of an ethnic riot”: “It was not Indian labour that broke the back of African attempts to wrest higher wages from the planters. Rather, if labour were to be “blamed”, it was more the Portuguese and, ironically, fellow Africans from both the W.I. and Africa who played key roles. The ex-slaves called the strike of 1847 at a point of financial crisis for the planters who, encouraged by the indentureship of 15,848 Portuguese, 12,898 Africans from the W.I. and 6,957 Africans from Africa, compared with only 8,692 Indians, held off the demands for higher wages. People of African descent outnumbered all other immigrants during this critical period of “undercutting” wage demands by the Guianese ex-slaves.After 1848, the unskilled ex-slaves, by and large, decided to make their living off the plantations. Even though Indian indentiture was suspended between 1848 and1851, there was no movement back to the plantation by the Africans, nor was there any increase in the wage scale. The latter was precipitated by the removal of preferential tariffs into Britain for WI sugar in 1846, and caused freed Africans from Barbados and the smaller islands to migrate to British Guiana, where the wages were higher.While the Portuguese did first arrive in 1835, during the “apprenticeship” period of the freed slaves, their immigration continued until 1881-82, with the bulk arriving by 1858. There is no question that the Portuguese died in considerable numbers, as did the Indians. In 1849, a planter gave evidence to a committee of the House of Commons: “A good many of the Portuguese died, and a good many of the Coolies have died; they wandered about the Colony. I should think a vast number have died, but I have no means of stating the exact number.” In the key years of 1846-47, when the efforts of the African to raise wages ultimately failed, we should note that 9736 Portuguese arrived, as opposed to 7480 Indians. In terms of work-output, the Portuguese were even more industrious than the Indians. In 1847, on an East Coast plantation, Portuguese earned an average of $28 compared to the $21 of Indians.The point I have been making is that we are going against the analyses of history made by eminent West Indian historians such as Drs. Eric Williams and Walter Rodney (among others) when we lay blame to the immigrants – whether Portuguese, Indian, Chinese, West Indians or Africans, who were all indentured. It was the working of the labour and political systems imposed on us by the British, whether political, economic or cultural, to extract our labour at the cheapest price that kept us all in thrall. Today we are still busy blaming each other for our mess, and not questioning whether those bequeathed systems are not contributing to our problems.And we should get busy, as a first step, in modifying those systems to assist in leading to greater equity and justice for all of us.
Hundreds of community members in Upper Careysburg and Kendeja in Montserrado County thronged the premises of their respective primary school campuses which are under Bridge Partnership to witness the opening ceremonies of the schools. The schools are among 24 others that are now under the supervision of the global education organization, Bridge International Academies, which now has a Public Private Partnership (PPP) with the Liberian government to bring a radical transformation to public education in the country. Bridge International Academies is among eight other partners supporting government in this initiative.At Upper Careysburg and Kendeja, residents across the eight counties where Bridge has operations, parents, teachers and students came out to attend the opening ceremonies of the Bridge Partnership Schools. The ceremonies were held barely five days to the reopening of schools for academic year 2016/2017. The Bridge partnership opening ceremonies came after months of intensive work the organization undertook by training over 300 teachers. Bridge launched a two week teacher training for the more than 300 teachers, who were already graduates of government-run teacher training institutes. Eighty-five of the teachers who completed Bridge’s two intensive trainings at the Kakata Rural Teacher Training Institute (KRTTI) were already on government’s payroll. An additional 149 teachers, who participated in the training, were subsequently absorbed on government’s payroll after they were qualified following the training, which ran from July 28 to Augusts 12. During the dedicatory ceremonies euphoria was visible on the faces of hundreds of parents, teachers and students who gathered at the Upper Careysburg Public School for the program yesterday. The same reaction was witnessed across the counties including Bomi where communities were also excited and in high gear for the ceremony. Jefferson P. Jackson, vice principal for instruction at Upper Careysburg Public School told the gathering that the training he got from Bridge along with his friends has transformed the way he would present lessons as the school year begins. Jackson recounted, “For the past years, we have been teaching at this Upper Careysburg Primary School, never have we had access to technology in the way we deliver our lessons. During the recent two weeks’ training, we learned how to use technology to deliver our lessons, to prepare our lesson plans and to monitor the way the lessons are being delivered. I used to teach in this school. We have had many problems with lesson planning in the past. Teachers would forget their lesson plans and leave them at home and then it becomes a problem for the lesson during a particular day. Now going forward, we have our lessons being delivered to us through our teacher computers and our students can be assured of receiving quality education as the new school year begins.” Upper Careysburg Principal, George K. Commandine, appreciated the community for the level of support his team has received since returning from the training. One of the Bridge Partnership Teachers, George P. Blahpue, now assigned at the Upper Careysburg Public School added, “The enrolment here may be more than the school can accommodate. Parents have brought their children from other schools and have enrolled them at the Upper Careysburg Primary School. PTA Chairman, Daniel Logan said the community was proud to be host to a Bridge Partnership School, noting, “We are proud that you elected to work in our community. We will give you all the support you need to make sure that our children learn and that the school performs in a better way.The opening programs were done simultaneously across the eight counties and 24 public primary schools, which have now been placed under the management of Bridge International. On behalf of the organization, the Deputy Country Director, Joe K. Gbasakollie, said the moment was one of excitement to see hundreds of community members converge across all the 24 schools in the eight counties where Bridge is operating and should send the message that the parents want quality education for their children.Mr. Gbasakollie continued, “Never a time have we seen such excitement as we are seeing today. Teachers are excited that they have been relieved of the stress of preparing lesson plans, and will now concentrate on delivering lessons and ensuring that children are actually learning.“Students attending Bridge Partnership Schools all across the country are assured of free uniforms per child including books, readers and learning supplementary kits in Math and Science,” Josh Nathan, Bridge Academic Director assured the parents.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
0Shares0000NAIROBI, Kenya, April 5- Harambee Stars are set for a Madaraka Day date with Ghana Black Stars in an international friendly five days ahead of their 2014 World Cup qualifier return tie against Nigeria Super Eagles.According to Football Kenya Federation (FKF) chief, Sam Nyamweya, the proposed friendly was timely since the Black Stars will be in the country for build-up to their Brazil Mundial qualifier against Sudan in Khartoum. Consequently, head coach Adel Amrouche is expected to reconvene the home side a fortnight to the re-scheduled qualifier against the Super Eagles with foreign based players led by captain Dennis Oliech expected in the country to face the Black Stars.“It’s because of good show against Nigeria that our friends Ghana want to meet us in a friendly and many other countries had expressed interest,” Nyamweya said Friday.The Black Stars are regular guests to Kenya whenever they are drawn to field against east and central Africa nations and they usually prefer to be based in Naivasha.Nyamweya was speaking at Nyayo National Stadium where he presented Gor Mahia with Sh100,000 and five balls as motivation ahead of their CAF Confederations Cup clash against Egyptian side ENPPI on Saturday at the same venue.“I know that you are capable of upsetting your opponents tomorrow. Set yourselves to win, win convincingly,” Nyamweya urged.Amrouche’s side are anchored at the foot of Group F of the 2014 World Cup CAF qualifiers on two points despite their heroic 1-1 draw away to the Super Eagles in Calabar.Thika United’s Francis Kahata scored the match-opener in the 38th minute from a free-kick before Namdiah Oduamadi levelled deep into stoppage time.The Black Stars on the other hand strolled to a 3-0 at home against Sudan and will be camping in Nairobi ahead of the return leg set for Khartoum and are second in Group D on six points, one behind leaders Zambia.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
TAYLOR, B.C. – The District of Taylor has received funding from both the federal and provincial governments to replace lift station 3 at the end of Pine Avenue and to also implement a sludge thickening planning project.Under the Government of Canada’s Clean Water and Wastewater Fund, two new projects in the District of Taylor have been approved for $996,166 in combined federal and provincial funding.The federal government is providing up to 50% of the funding which is just over $600,000 and the provincial government is providing $396,066. The District of Taylor will provide the balance of funding of $204,034.- Advertisement -The District of Taylor says both projects will be beneficial to the community.“The current lift station was constructed in the 1950’s and upgraded in 1973. The funding will help construct a new lift station that is efficient, reliable and in conformance with all regulations. The funding will also help implement a sludge thickening planning project that will help identify operational upgrades needed as well as provide operational modifications to alleviate and control solids issues. Both projects will help to accommodate the needs of the anticipated future growth in Taylor.”The Government of British Columbia is providing up to $148.5 million through the Clean Water and Wastewater Fund and will fund 33% of the eligible project costs.Advertisement District of Taylor Mayor Rob Fraser says he is grateful for the investment from the federal and provincial governments.“We appreciate the joint effort between the Province and the Government of Canada to help rebuild our critical infrastructure. To receive approximately a million dollars for our rural community is a tremendous support for our sewer infrastructure. This funding will help the future needs of our community, and I want to thank the Province and the federal government for this significant contribution.”
FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. — Thirty-five participants are getting ready to “be brave and shave” this coming Saturday for the 19th annual Bluey Day in Fort St. John.Bluey Day, which is put on by the Fort St. John Hospital Foundation, is taking place this coming Saturday at the BC Ambulance Service building on 96th Street.The Foundation’s special events coordinator Coleen Fraser says that 35 confirmed participants have already raised a total of $36,000 as of Friday morning. This year’s goal is raise $50,000 for the Fort St. John hospital.- Advertisement -Since the first Bluey Day event back in 1998, over $1.6 million has been raised. One hundred percent of the funds have stayed in the community to help those with the fight against cancer.This year’s event, which is open to the public, is set to kick off at 10:00 a.m. There will also be a barbecue onsite, with all of the proceeds going to the fundraiser.If you would like more information on participating, volunteering, sponsoring and donating to the campaign, contact the Fort St. John Hospital Foundation at (250) 261-7563.Advertisement
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREPettersson scores another winner, Canucks beat KingsMoments later, the suspect was involved in a collision a few blocks away, abandoned the vehicle and fled the scene, he said. The incidents were being investigated by the California Highway Patrol, Cudworth said. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! An LAPD cruiser collided with another vehicle as officers chased a suspect, who crashed his own vehicle moments later and ran away, authorities said today. The crash occurred last night as officers from the Los Angeles Police Department’s 77th Station were pursuing a vehicle involved in an assault-with-a-deadly-weapon incident, said Sgt. John Cudworth of the Los Angeles Police Department’s South Traffic Division. During the chase, a police vehicle collided with another vehicle on East 75th Street just east of South Central Avenue, Cudworth said. Details of the crash were not immediately clear. The two officers involved in the crash complained of minor leg and chest injuries, he said, adding that the driver of the other vehicle also suffered minor injuries.
Aircraft tracked from 66 satellites from March 31 to April 3. Image: Aireon Aircraft tracking company Aireon has demonstrated the reach of aviation in the 21st century with a spectacular visualization of aircraft it tracked across the globe using its now operational space-based system.The visualization is based on Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) data captured by 66 Aireon payloads housed on the constellation of IridiumNEXT satellites from March 31 to April 3.It shows planes traveling across the North Pole and as far south as Antarctica with major population centers a blaze of color.The tracking system, which went live earlier this month after 130 billion ADS-B position reports were tested and validated, means aircraft can be tracked in real time no matter where they are in the world.Read: US Airline quality ratings hit a 29-year high. It was Aireon that provided the refined data that prompted US and Canadian authorities to ground the Boeing 737 MAX after a fatal March 10 crash in Ethiopia.It will help minimize the chances of another airliner disappearing in the way Malaysia Airlines MH370 did and help provide additional insights into aircraft accidents.NAV Canada and the UK’s NATS are the first air traffic control providers to use the tracking service and predict it will reduce overall flight safety risks by about 76 percent. They are also among a group of investors backing Aireon.ADS-B is already used in conjunction with ground stations and relies on aircraft broadcasting every half second their identity, a precise Global Positioning System (GPS) location and other information such as altitude, heading and speed.Aireon takes that a step further by using the Iridium NEXT satellite constellation to provide full, continuous air traffic surveillance across the globe.The globe-spanning technology compares with coverage by conventional ground-based systems of about 30 percent of the Earth’s surface and position updates every 10 to 14 minutes.It will allow airlines to boost the number of available “user preferred” routes that allow them to take better advantage of favorable winds and avoid bad weather.NATS and the International Civil Aviation Organisation estimate that being able to safely fly more direct oceanic routes at optimal speeds and altitudes will save airlines more than $US300 per flight across the Atlantic.That’s expected to translate into a reduction in CO2 emissions of two tonnes per flight.
The worldwide Business Intelligence and Analytics software market will grow to $18.3 billion in 2016, an increase of 7.3 percent from 2016, according to Gartner. By 2020, it is expected to reach $22.8 billion.It’s the piece within the BI market called “Modern BI and Analytics” that has seen tremendous growth and hype over the last few years. This sector is growing at a rate of more than 60 percent annually. But Gartner sees the growth for modern BI saturating by 2020 when the growth rate will have slowed to an annual rate closer to 20 percent.Gartner has identified the following characteristics of the Modern BI and Analytics market.BI in the Cloud will become increasingly popular and be more common than on-premise solutions by 2020Enterprise-level BI tools will dominate buying patternsThe key technical components driving modern BI are smart data discovery, machine learning, and automation of the analytics workflowComplex data is driving a need for improved data preparationAnalytic features will increasingly be embedded and integrated into other enterprise softwareSupport for real-time and streamed data for analytics will grow
Breeding Season: Invertebrates, sea turtles, and birds will be facing the brunt of the spill just as they are laying eggs or caring for them in important wildlife areas. Trans-Gulf Migration Season: “We’re near the peak of the trans-gulf migration,” said David Viker, the U.S. Minerals Management Service’s southeast regional chief for migratory birds. “Tens of millions of tiny feathered birds that could fit in your hand are making the jump from South America to North America and are exhausted upon arrival.” Hurricane Season: A big storm could complicate recovery and cleanup efforts and spread oil throughout the gulf. NOAA and others are predicting a particularly rough year for Atlantic storms, with Colorado State University’s respected Bill Gray forecasting 15 named storms and four major hurricanes. The first of June is the official start of hurricane season, but the storms may come sooner. No hurricanes have hit the United States in May, but 18 tropical storms have formed in the Pacific this month. “We get a hurricane in here in the next month and that completely complicates the paradigm,” said environmental toxicologist Ronald Kendall of Texas Tech University in Lubbock. One drop of oil on an egg can kill young invertebrates, he says. La Niña: Moderate El Niño conditions are expected to dissipate by June. That phenomenon, which means warmer Pacific waters, creates so-called wind shear in the Atlantic that helps break up hurricanes as they form. So without El Niño, June storms might be more likely to form. In its place, say several climate models, is a La Niña period, which means warmer temperatures in the southern areas of the United States and generally more powerful storms. For more on the Gulf oil spill, see our full coverage.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)
Controversial Pakistani actress Veena Malik, whose sudden disappearance became a talk of the town, said it was not a publicity stunt and that she was just resting in a hotel as she was not keeping well. “This was not a publicity stunt. A person cannot do two such (publicity) acts in 15 days,” the actress said. Few days ago, a nude picture of Veena, sporting an ISI tattoo on the cover of the FHM magazine had caused much outrage. However, Veena had denied posing nude for the magazine. Following this, there were reports that she has been receiving death threats. “I was keeping unwell since quite few days. I had called up Ashmit Patel and my mother that I was going to the hotel as I was unwell,” she said. Veena, who went missing since December 16 from the sets of her upcoming film Mumbai 125 kilometres, was found at a suburban hotel in the city on Monday, December 19. Her managers claims she had gone missing without informing anyone, had created a hullabaloo. There were also reports that she had left for Pakistan as her father had disowned her after her nude picture and that her visa was to expire. However, the actress said it was due to the long shooting hours and no breaks between her working schedule, that she had fallen ill. “When I got to know that the shoot is over, I called up a close friend of mine to pick me up from the sets. I had taken anti-biotics and so was sleeping for about 20-24 hours,” she said. When asked who that close friend was, Veena refused to give any details. Following the high dose of antibiotics, the actress said she slept and was surprised to know that everyone had been finding her since then. “The moment I got up, I called up my manager and informed him about my health. I also want to meet my father and clear things,” Veena said.advertisement